Service to our community
Service to our community has always been an integral part of the Didona Associates – Landscape Architects business culture. Keith and Jane have been active members of their community in many capacities. They also are very involved in providing expertise for pro bono projects that need DALA outreach and design talents. Thirty years later, we see the positive impact these community service projects, and volunteer activities have had on the region and the profession of Landscape Architecture.Service clubs have been a rewarding avenue for reaching our community. Keith and Jane have been active in local service clubs and organizations. Keith has been a member, past president, and active volunteer for the Lions Club of Danbury since 1997. He has managed the CRIS Radio program and participated in many Lion activities from street cleaning to eyesight screening at local schools. Keith is a past president of the local club and secretary for the regional governor. He is also the advisor to the local high schools LEO clubs, mentoring the student boards and providing support for LEO activities. His commitment to the club has been recognized with several notable awards.Jane has been a member of the Rotary Club of Danbury, a board member of the Chamber of Commerce, a board member of the Western Connecticut Regional Hospice, a board member and past president of the Friends of Ball Pond, a committee member of Main Street Danbury Renaissance, a member of the Architectural Advisory Committee for CityCenter Danbury, a founding member of the Cultural Alliance of Western Connecticut, and an advisory committee member for the Ancell School of Business at WCSU. Jane has also served on the Communications Committee for the Construction Institute and has been a member of several professional organizations in the State of Connecticut. However, the service activity she has valued the most was being a member, secretary, vice president and president of the Connecticut Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects. She devoted eight years to the executive committee working tirelessly to advocate for the profession to the state and local governments. Her tenure has resulted in a stronger chapter that supports its members through advocacy, outreach, and education.Service to the community can also be provided through donations of expertise. Since the start of the firm, Jane and Keith have been committed to providing pro bono projects for the Danbury region. Their first project was the Stage Left Garden at the Charles Ives Center in 1990. Other notable projects are The Rogers Park Pond Renovation, the Hahlawah Preserve, and The Healing Hearts Garden for Western Connecticut Regional Hospice. They have also assisted several local land trusts, nature centers, and both the Girl and Boy Scouts of America. Their goal is to create places in the local communities that are sustainable and aesthetic while providing opportunities for recreation and education.Their most recent pro bono project is the master plan for the renovation of the World War II memorial garden in Rogers Park. Sadly, the current memorial is a ghost of its former self. Keith and Jane hope to engage the community to support this vital garden that honors service men and women who gave their youth or their life to save the world from tyranny. It is essential that we never forget their sacrifice. The attached plan and photos illustrate the original memorial, its current condition, and our concept plan. We hope that the Danbury World War II memorial garden will become the revered place it once was. Rogers Park WWII Memorial in the 1950s and today
continuing our education
Since we started DALA in 1989, we have valued continuing education. Our goal is not only to satisfy the requirements of our licenses but to expand our knowledge base so we can better serve our clients, projects, and the environment. Thirty years later, we are convinced that one of the reasons for our firm’s success is this commitment to education.Our recent education sessions have been eclectic but have provided invaluable information that we will integrate into our practice. Keith has attended two seminars in New York that discussed Current Issues in Landscape Architecture and New York Wetlands Law and Compliance. Topics included complying with land use and wetland laws, understanding barrier-free requirements in outdoor spaces and creating pollinator habitats. The barrier-free requirements and pollinator habitats were of particular interest to Keith because: Barrier-free requirements quite often require creative solutions for a project to be in compliance while maintaining the aesthetic value of a project. However, with early planning in the design process and an open mind to different solutions, compliance can be beautifully achieved. One example is our design of the accessible route for the Danbury Library Plaza. It not only provides access to the building but visual access to the Sybil Ludington statue and an element that complements the design concept of the plaza. (see photo)Habitat for pollinators has been decreasing and becoming more fragmented as more of the world is developed. Pollinators (bees, butterflies, etc.) are critical for the natural environment as well as modern agriculture and by increasing and diversifying their habitats, providing better proximity to resources and employing integrated pest management techniques, the pollinators can thrive as they perform the essential functions that create a sustainable environment. Webinars are another method to attend educational sessions and Jane's most recent webinars have been all about trees: The Utah State University Forestry Extension webinar on Trees: A Risk Worth Taking discussed what factors influence tree failure and how to assess the risk. An important concept is that all trees present some risk, but how is acceptable risk determined. Using the ISA Tree Risk Assessment form as a standardized check list, the tree professional considers the condition, the location and environment as part of a comprehensive risk assessment.Another webinar from Utah State discussed salt as a factor in tree health, especially in coastal and/or northern climates. Sodium Chloride will either enter the tree systemically through contaminated drainage or accumulate on leaves, needle or buds through salt spray. The result in both cases is usually tree failure. Trees may thrive in these environments if some best management practices such as specifying proper species, diverse planting palette, raised beds, and education of methods of salt application, flushing techniques, and/or salt alternatives are incorporated into the planning and maintenance of these landscapes. At DALA, we not only attend lectures, webinars, seminars, and classes but also teach. Most recently, Jane has been an instructor of stormwater management and landscape design at the New York Botanical Garden. Learning and sharing information will always be an integral part of our thriving firm’s mission.
welcome to our 30 year retrospective
Welcome to the year-long retrospective of the thirty year evolution of Didona Associates – Landscape Architects. Upon googling the symbol for the 30th anniversary, we found an appropriate metaphor for our journey, the pearl. We were just a germ of an idea that Jane Didona had when she graduated with her BLA in 1978. By 1987, that idea had grown into the seed for the firm, culminating in the formation of Didona Associates – Landscape Architects in December 1989. Over the last three decades, DALA has continued to evolve into a firm dedicated to creating impactful places that become pearls to their communities.Over the next 12 months, we would like to discuss our early years, our Didona firm family, our projects and their impacts and our vision of the next thirty years. We hope you will enjoy the story and the journey and will comment with questions and ideas. We also hope to provide a case study of a practice of Landscape Architecture that informs the profession. So, please give us your thoughts and stay tuned because next month we will be discussing our DALA history.
Finding Olmsted – Genius of Place
“Genius of Place,” Olmsted’s first design principle, led me on a surprising Google journey. I fell into a rabbit hole of information as I searched through the old stand-bys like Wikipedia and Britannica, and other, more-surprising resources in order to uncover the story behind this phrase. The first revelation was that it is generally not used to describe Olmsted himself (although I do think that was Jason Martin’s intent when he titled his biography of Olmsted “Genius of Place”) but instead the genius of a particular place and how it can inform the landscape. Olmsted wrote about this as part of his philosophy of design. My second revelation was that Olmsted did not create that phrase. As it turns out, it was Alexander Pope, a famous poet of the early 18th century, who is credited with its invention in his Epistle IV, to Richard Boyle, Earl of Burlington: consult the genius of the place in all;That tells the waters or to rise, or fall;Or helps th' ambitious hill the heav'ns to scale,Or scoops in circling theatres the vale;Calls in the country, catches opening glades,Joins willing woods, and varies shades from shades,Now breaks, or now directs, th' intending lines;Paints as you plant, and, as you work, designs. Although I am not a poetry lover, especially in older English, I did read the entire 300-year-old poem. I felt that another verse could be written now. To build, to plant, whatever you intend,To rear the column, or the arch to bend,To swell the terrace, or to sink the grot;In all, let Nature never be forgot. As I progressed further down the Google rabbit hole, I found the term Genius Loci referred to as the influence on Pope, who is actually credited with translating this Ancient Roman belief into a philosophy for landscape and garden design. The definition of Genius Loci is a protective spirit of a place. Britannica defined it as “the prevailing character or atmosphere of a place.” Pope defined it as Genius and Olmsted made it a driving principle in how he designed his landscapes. Moving beyond Olmsted, there are many other translators of the Genius Loci or Genius of Place. The most extensive modern treatise was written by Norwegian architect Christian Norberg-Schulz in several books, most importantly his book titled Genius Loci: Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture. His theory was that people had a sense of a place based on the physical as well as symbolic features that define the place, natural and manmade. But a TED© talk I watched a few years ago by Janine Benyus, cofounder of The Biomimicry Institute, presented the most comprehensive theory on genius of place. She defined it in the context of her theory of biomimicry as “… an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature’s time-tested patterns and strategies.” In other words, nature is the genius and its lessons can be translated into various forms of design including industrial, product, energy, marine, architecture and landscape architecture. The concept expressed so poetically by Pope, brilliantly by Olmsted and scientifically by Benyus is still being explored by landscape architects. In the current issue of the Connecticut Chapter of the American Society of Landscape Architects magazine, “The Connecticut Landscape Architect,” there is an excellent article about biomimicry and the landscape by UConn student Rubson Guimaraes. “By utilizing nature’s genius,” Guimaraes writes, “we can design in a sustainable way.” Another interesting article, Biomimicry from the Ground Up, is in November, 2016 issue of Landscape Architecture magazine by Zach Mortice. It discusses what we can learn from nature methods that can rehabilitate soil, which is the building block of every landscape. Olmsted was a genius but he also was a student of the landscape. He incorporated the landscape’s knowledge into his designs, which continue to be vibrant and sustainable because he believed in the Genius of Place. This is our history as landscape architects -- and our future.
finding Olmsted's theory of design
One of my hardest tasks when I teach landscape design is explaining how to design. Is there a method or is it just innate talent? Are there guiding principles to the design of a landscape? I decided to look to the original master, Frederick Law Olmsted, and I asked my intern, Leo Abreu, to help. Leo spent hours researching all websites and available literature about Olmsted and specifically his process and theory of design. Leo uncovered several outlines of Olmsted’s beliefs that translated into his work. Especially interesting was how much Olmsted’s time in Connecticut and his father’s love of scenic landscapes guided him to a deep-seated belief that the scenic landscape is a necessary place for all people to spend time and take respite.Olmsted was born and grew up in Hartford, CT. While riding horse-back with his father through the countryside surrounding Hartford, Olmsted experienced the 19th century agrarian Connecticut landscape. He was impressed by its vistas, rolling hills, rock outcroppings, streams, and charming structures. This early landscape experience became the lens through which Olmsted would view his future designs.Olmsted was also influenced by books he read at the Hartford Young Men’s Institute. One was Solitude by Johann Georg Zimmermann. The premise of the book is not that we should live entirely in solitude, but that we should occasionally take respite in nature to balance one’s body and mind. Olmsted read books on landscape art that helped develop his aesthetic viewpoint and opened his mind to the power of scenery. Uvedale’s An Essay on the Picturesque and Gilpen’s Remarks on Forest Scenery were in Olmsted’s library.Another influence on Olmsted were the writings of Horace Bushnell from Hartford, whose treatise stated that The most important and constant influence that people exerted on each other … was a silent emanation of their real character that showed in their habitual conduct and made itself felt at a level below that of consciousness. Olmsted realized that his designs could be the places to which people would go to appreciate and be a part of the scenic landscape. Importantly, the habitual experience could become part of visitors’ character and could even shape their foundational beliefs.After pursuing other professions, Olmsted settled into landscape design (architecture) and through his career designed iconic places that still have context today. His writings also contributed to the American landscape as a set of design principles that, as described by Charles E. Beveridge in his essay for the website of the National Association for Olmsted Parks http://www.olmsted.org, were and are “a blueprint for the creation of beautiful and enduring works of landscape architecture.” Beveridge outlined Olmsted’s principles, and the keywords alone describe how he approached every project in order to create unique places that are still embraced by their communities. The Olmsted principles are: A Genius of PlaceUnified CompositionOrchestration of MovementOrchestration of UseSustainable Design and Environmental ConservationA Comprehensive Approach What a legacy!As we continue our journey to Finding Olmsted, I will discuss how Olmsted integrated these principles into each of his Connecticut designs, how Olmsted’s legacy continued after his death, and how his principles are still viable for modern landscape architecture.
Sustainable Site Design and Landscape Architecture